By Deepak Pachauri

Last Updated: 8 July 2021

Vegetarian

This Rajma recipe is a spiced, creamy and delicious Punjabi curry made with kidney beans, onions, tomatoes and spices. My recipe for restaurant-style Punjabi Rajma Masala is a staple in our home, and after you try it I’ll bet it becomes one at yours, too.

Table of Contents

  1. What is Rajma
  2. Why This Recipe Works
  3. How to Make Rajma Recipe (Stepwise Photos)
  4. Ingredients
  5. Expert Tips
  6. FAQs

What is Rajma

Rajma is the Hindi word for kidney beans. However, this delicious vegetarian curry is so popular that the recipe has become synonymous with the bean. Both the beans themselves and this dish that features them are known as Rajma.

Another name for this yummy and satisfying dish is Rajma Masala, which translates to “red kidney beans in spiced gravy.” Whatever you call it, you’re sure to love these melt-in-your-mouth rajma beans and the creamy spiced gravy that accompanies them.

Why This Recipe Works

This rajma recipe follows the traditional (and the most common method) of making rajma curry. So long as you follow the recipe, there’s no chance anything will go wrong with this simple and delectable dish.

In this easy recipe, the kidney beans are cooked first and are later added to a sautéed base of spices, onions and tomatoes. I prefer working with dried rajma beans because they are both cheaper than canned and allow me to cook and season them to my liking.

Moreover, I always prefer and recommend using fresh ingredients for healthy living. That said, you can also make this recipe using canned beans as a time saver!

The aromatic and flavorful masala base is cooked down to a beautiful gravy consistency by adding some water and then is finished off with some cream. Adding cream makes for a truly restaurant-style rajma that is decadent enough for company.

Rajma masala is usually a weekend affair that is perfect for a Sunday lunch at home. In Punjabi homes, they often make rajma chawal, where the flavorful rajma curry is served with steamed rice. (The word chawal means “rice” in Hindi.)

When I make this filling recipe I stay true to the Punjabi style and don’t bother with any other side dishes. When you have rajma (red beans) and rice, do you need anything else? Aside from some naan to soak up all the extra gravy, nothing!

In fact, serving beans with rice creates a full protein, which can sometimes be difficult to achieve as a vegan. So not only is rajma chawal tasty and inexpensive, but it is also quite healthy and wholesome! So now that you know about this traditional Punjabi dish, let’s get to cooking it, shall we?

Step-by-Step Guide

How to Make Rajma Recipe

My detailed step-by-step process will help you in making the best rajma recipe ever. While I have cooked the beans in a pressure cooker, they can also be easily cooked in a pan or an Instant pot. Below, I have listed the steps of cooking the beans using all three methods.

Soaking & cooking rajma

1. Sort dried beans and discard any misshapen or discoloured beans. Rinse a couple of times, and then soak 1 cup rajma (kidney beans) in enough water to cover them. Soaking should ideally last for 8 to 9 hours, so I usually soak them the night before I cook.

2. Once the beans are well soaked, discard the soaking water. Drain and rinse the soaked beans a few times to remove any leftover grit, if any.

3. Add the rinsed and drained kidney beans to a 3-litre pressure cooker.

4. Add 3.5 to 4 cups of water and half tablespoon of khana soda in it and stir. Pressure cook the rajma for 8 to 10 whistles (or for about 15 to 20 minutes). The cook time of your beans will vary depending on their quality and age.

5. While the kidney beans are cooking, chop 1 large onion (¾ to 1 cup finely chopped onion), 2 large tomatoes (1 cup finely chopped tomatoes) and make the crushed ginger+garlic+green chilli paste.

For the paste, you need to crush or grind 1-inch ginger, 5 to 6 small garlic cloves (or 3 to 4 medium garlic cloves), and 1 to 2 green chillies to a paste in a mortar-pestle or a small grinder.

6. When the pressure settles down on its own in the cooker, open the lid. Check if the rajma is cooked or not by eating or pressing a bean with your fingers. The cooked beans should not have a bite to them and softened.

The rajma beans should be completely cooked. If they are not cooked completely, then pressure cook again (adding some water if required) for a few more minutes.

Making the masala

7. Heat either 3 tablespoons of butter (or 2 tablespoons butter + 1 tablespoon oil), in another pot or pan or kadhai. Keep the heat to low or medium-low.

8. Add ½ teaspoon cumin seeds first and let them crackle and get browned.

9. Then add the finely chopped onions.

10. Stir and begin to sauté them on medium-low to medium heat.

11. Keep on stirring the onions while sautéing them. This will ensure both uniform cooking and also that they don’t get burnt. Take care not to burn the onions, as this will impart bitter tones to the rajma curry.

12. Light browning of the onions is also fine.

13. Sauté the onions till they are caramelized and golden brown.

14. Lower the heat and add the crushed ginger-garlic-chilli paste.

15. Stir and sauté for 5 to 10 seconds on low heat or until the raw aroma of ginger-garlic goes away.

16. Add the finely chopped tomatoes.

17. Mix very well.

18. Sauté for 2 to 3 minutes until the tomatoes become soft on medium-low to medium heat.

19. Add all the spice powders one by one:

  • ¼ teaspoon turmeric powder
  • ½ teaspoon red chilli powder (or cayenne pepper or paprika)
  • 1 teaspoon coriander powder
  • a pinch of asafoetida (hing)
  • ½ teaspoon garam masala powder.

NOTE: If you are gluten-free, be sure to source certified gluten-free asafoetidaas many commercial brands process the spice with wheat.

20. Mix again very well.

21. Continue to sauté the whole masala base until the fat starts leaving the sides of the masala on medium-low heat. The onion tomato masala will thicken, become glossy and start clumping around itself.

22. Use a slotted spoon or a strainer, remove the rajma beans from their cooking liquid and add them to the masala.

23. Stir and sauté for a minute.

Making Rajma Masala

24. Add 2 cups of freshwater to the pan. If you like then you can also add the cooked rajma stock instead of freshwater.

25. add salt as required.

26. Stir the whole rajma curry mixture.

27. On low to medium-low heat, simmer without a lid for 10 to 12 minutes or more until the curry thickens slightly. The rajma curry should not be watery.

28. Mash a few rajma beans with the back of your spoon. This helps to thicken the rajma gravy.

29. Continue to simmer until you get a medium consistency in the curry.

30. Continue stirring at intervals when the rajma masala is simmering.

31. The Punjabi rajma masala has to thicken and the curry has to be of the right consistency, which is neither too thick nor thin.

32. Once the consistency is right, add 1 teaspoon crushed Kasuri methi (dry fenugreek leaves) and 2 to 3 tablespoons light cream. (If using heavy whipping cream, then just add 1 tablespoon of it.) Mix very well and simmer for 30 seconds to 1 minute.

Adding cream is optional and you can easily skip it. The addition of cream gives some richness to the gravy making it taste restaurant-style and balances the tang from the tomatoes.

33. Switch off the heat.

34. Serve your completed rajma masala with steamed basmati rice, jeera rice, saffron rice, roti, paratha or naan. The combination of rajma and rice or rajma chawal is quite famous in North India.

You can garnish with some coriander leaves for some fresh flavour and colour when serving.

Expert Tips

  • Be sure to soak your dried beans! It is important to soak the rajma (kidney beans) overnight or for 8 to 9 hours and then cook them well. Dried beans when soaked become easier to digest as soaking reduces the phytic acid in them. The phytates present in beans cause indigestion and flatulence. Soaking also helps the beans to cook faster.
  • Cook your rajma well! While making the recipe with kidney beans, they have to be cooked well. They should melt in your mouth when you bite into them offering no resistance. This is a very crucial and the most overlooked aspect of cooking rajma. Even in restaurants, the beans have a bite in them and this not only ruins the texture in the dish but also affects your stomach.
  • Opt for high-quality rajma beans. Always buy rajma beans which are new and not old. Older beans take a lot of time to cook and you don’t get the perfect texture in the rajma. I always check the packaging date while buying them and I don’t buy rajma if they are older than 5 to 6 months.
  • If you’re short on time, use canned beans! When using canned kidney beans, add them at the step where cooked beans are added. Add fresh water and continue to simmer for some minutes until the consistency thickens. You can use two 15 oz canned kidney beans.
  • Gluten-free variation: To make this rajma recipe gluten-free, skip the asafoetida (hing) or use gluten-free asafoetida.
  • Vegan variation: Instead of butter, use oil and skip the cream completely. Alternately, you can opt to use a vegan butter and coconut cream if you prefer a richer curry. The flavours of coconut will be felt in the vegan rajma recipe but it will taste good.

FAQs

1. Can I use dark kidney beans?

Usually, Punjabi rajma masala is made with pinkish coloured and striped kidney beans, but you can use dark red kidney beans instead.

2. How do I use canned kidney beans and how much?

1 cup of dried kidney beans yields about 3 cups cooked beans. A 15 oz can make for 1.5 to 1.75 cups of canned beans. You should therefore use two 15 oz canned kidney beans in the recipe.

3. Why my rajma beans are not getting cooked well or taking a long time to cook?

Depending on the quality and freshness of the beans, it can take more or less time to cook. Always avoid aged beans as they do not soften and cook well.

4. I forgot to soak the kidney beans – now what I should do?

You have two options. One is a method known as a “quick soak.” Pour boiling water over your kidney beans to cover them, cover the bowl and soak for 1 to 2 hours. They should now be ready to rinse, drain and cook.

Alternatively, feel free to opt for using canned beans instead. As the recipe is written, two 15oz cans should do the trick.

5. Can I sauté the onions, tomatoes and then pressure cook the rajma?

Yes, you can use this method. Due to the acidity of the tomatoes, the rajma beans *may* not cook well (depending on their freshness). That said, I have tried this way of cooking many times and it works for me when using fresh kidney beans. 

6. Can I skip cream?

Yes. While I find that just 1 to 2 tablespoons offer a velvety consistency that makes this rajma taste like it is from a restaurant, you may omit it if you wish.

7. Can I skip Kasuri methi (dried fenugreek leaves)?

Yes, you can skip Kasuri methi.

8. Can I skip asafoetida?

Of course! In Indian cuisine, we generally add asafoetida to lentil or bean dishes, as it can help indigestion. But in this rajma masala recipe, asafoetida is easily skippable.

9. Can I use canned tomatoes?

Yes, you can use canned tomatoes. Use 1 cup of crushed tomatoes.

10. How to make a very thick gravy for the rajma masala?

Instead of mashing the cooked beans, you can take about ¼ cup of the cooked beans and grind or blend them with some water to make a fine paste. Add this paste to the curry base and simmer. The resulting rajma masala will have a thick consistency due to the added starch in the sauce. 

11. How to cook kidney beans in a pot or pan?

First, soak the kidney beans as usual for 8 to 9 hours. Drain and rinse them with fresh water. Then in a large pot, take enough water, rajma and salt as required. Cover and cook for about 45 minutes to 1 hour, or until the beans are softened.

12. Can I skip butter in this rajma recipe

Yes, you can skip the butter. You can also substitute vegan butter if you prefer.

Rajma Recipe | Rajma Masala

By Deepak Pachauri

This Rajma recipe is a creamy, tangy and spiced curry made with dried kidney beans. This restaurant-style Rajma Masala is made in a base of sautéed onions, tomatoes, spices and cream making it truly delicious.

Prep Time:9 hrs

Cook Time:45 mins

Total Time:9 hrs 45 mins

Cuisine: Punjabi

Course: Main Course

Diet: Vegetarian

Difficulty Level: Easy

Servings:5

Ingredients

For Pressure Cooking

  • 1 cup rajma – 200 grams (dried kidney beans), any variety
  • 3.5 to 4 cups water for pressure cooking
  • enough water for soaking rajma

For Ginger-Garlic-Chilli Paste

  • 3 to 4 garlic cloves – medium-sized
  • 1-inch ginger
  • 1 to 2 green chillies or 1 to 2 Serrano peppers

Other Ingredients

  • 2 tablespoons butter + 1 tablespoon oil or 3 tablespoons butter
  • ½ teaspoon cumin seeds
  • ¾ to 1 cup finely chopped onions or 150 grams onions or 1 large onion
  • 1 cup finely chopped tomatoes or 250 grams tomatoes or 3 medium or 2 large tomatoes
  • 1 teaspoon coriander powder (ground coriander)
  • ¼ to ½ teaspoon red chilli powder or cayenne pepper or hot paprika
  • ¼ teaspoon turmeric powder (ground turmeric)
  • 1 pinch asafoetida (hing) – optional
  • ¼ to ½ teaspoon Garam Masala Powder
  • 1.5 to 2 cups rajma stock (the water which was used to cook the beans) or freshwater
  • salt as required
  • 1 teaspoon crushed Kasuri methi (dried fenugreek leaves) – optional
  • 2 to 3 tablespoons low fat cream or half and a half or 1 tablespoon heavy whipping cream – optional
  • 1 to 2 tablespoons chopped coriander leaves – for garnish, optional

Instructions

Soaking

  • Rinse and soak the rajma (kidney beans) in enough water overnight or for 8 to 9 hours.
  • The next day, discard the water and rinse the beans again in freshwater a couple of times.
  • Drain all the water.

Pressure Cooking

  • In a 3-litre pressure cooker, take both the soaked rajma and water.
  • Pressure cook on a medium to high flame for 15 to 20 minutes.
  • When the rajma is cooking, you can chop the onions, tomatoes etc.
  • Crush the ginger, garlic and green chillies in a mortar-pestle to a fine or semi-fine texture. Set aside
  • When the pressure settles down on its own, open the lid.
  • Check if the rajma beans are cooked or not by taking a bite or pressing a few beans.
  • If the beans are cooked well set aside or drain beans.
  • If the rajma is not cooked completely, then pressure cook again adding some water if required for some minutes.

Making Masala

  • Heat oil + butter in another pot or pan on low heat. Add cumin first and let them crackle & get browned.
  • Then add onions and sauté them till they caramelized or golden browned on medium-low to medium heat.
  • Take care not to burn them as this will give bitter tones to the curry.
  • Light browning the onions is also alright.
  • Keep on stirring the onions while sauteing them, for uniform cooking and also so that they don’t get burnt.
  • Lower the heat and add the crushed ginger-garlic-chilli paste. Stir and sauté for 5 to 10 seconds on a low flame until the raw aroma of the ginger and garlic goes away.
  • Add the tomatoes. Sauté for 2 to 3 minutes on medium-low to medium heat until the tomatoes become soft.
  • Add all the spice powders one by one – turmeric powder, red chilli powder, coriander powder, asafoetida (hing) and garam masala powder.
  • On a medium-low heat or medium heat stirring often sauté the whole masala mixture until the fat starts leaving the sides of the masala base. This masala paste will become glossy, thicken and leave the sides of the pan.
  • Using a slotted spoon or a strainer remove the beans and add them to the masala.
  • Stir and sauté for a minute.

Making Rajma Masala

  • Add 2 cups of water. If you prefer you can also add the cooked rajma stock instead of freshwater.
  • Add salt as required and stir the whole curry mixture.
  • On a low heat to medium-low heat simmer without a lid for 10 to 12 minutes or more time until the curry thickens slightly. It should not be watery.
  • Mash a few rajma beans with the spoon. This helps to thicken the curry.
  • When the rajma masala has thickened and comes to the right consistency which is neither too thick nor thin, then add the crushed dried fenugreek leaves (Kasuri methi) and cream. You can skip the cream if you prefer.
  • Stir and simmer for 30 seconds to 1 minute. Switch off the heat.
  • Serve rajma masala with steamed basmati rice, jeera rice or naan or roti or paratha. You can garnish with some coriander leaves when serving.
  • The rajma chawal combo makes for a filling, healthy and comforting meal.

Notes

Helpful Tips

  • Soaking kidney beans: Dried beans when soaked become easier to digest as soaking reduces the phytic acid in them. The phytates present in beans cause indigestion and flatulence. Soaking also helps the beans to cook faster. 
  • The texture of cooked beans: The rajma beans should be cooked very well and have a melt in the mouth texture. They should not be al dente or just about cooked. 
  • Quality of kidney beans: Use fresh beans within their shelf-life as older beans take a long time to cook.
  • Using canned kidney beans: When replacing with canned kidney beans, add them at the step in the recipe where cooked beans are added. Add fresh water and continue to simmer for some minutes until the consistency thickens. You can add two 15 oz canned kidney beans.
  • Gluten-free variation: Omit asafoetida (hing) for a gluten-free recipe. 
  • Vegan variation: Instead of butter use oil and skip the cream completely.
  • Spicing: Spices in the rajma curry can be adjusted as per your taste.
  • Cooking beans in a pot or pan: Soak the beans as usual for 8 to 9 hours. Drain them and rinse them with fresh water. In a large pot, add enough water, soaked beans and salt. Cook covered for about 45 minutes to 1 hour or more if required until the beans are softened.

Ingredient Notes

  • Kidney beans: Dark red kidney beans can be used.
  • Ingredients that can be skipped: Asafoetida, dried fenugreek leaves, butter and cream can be skipped completely.
  • Canned tomatoes: You can add canned tomatoes instead of fresh ones. Add 1 cup of crushed tomatoes.

Making Rajma in Instant Pot

  1. Sauté the spices, onions and tomatoes in the steel insert of the Instant Pot using the sauté button.
  2. Add the soaked and drained kidney beans, water and deglaze. 
  3. Press the pressure cooker button or the chilli button and set the time to 30 minutes at high pressure.
  4. Wait for natural release. After 17 to 20 minutes open the lid.
  5. Press the cancel button and press the sauté button again.
  6. Simmer for some minutes stirring often until the curry thickens. Mash some beans when simmering to thicken the gravy. 
  7. Add the cream and dried fenugreek leaves. Mix and serve garnished with some coriander leaves.

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If you are a South Indian food lover, also check our recipes for Instant Rava IdliMasala Dosa, Instant Rava appe recipe, Sambhar, coconut chutney.





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